Housing Discrimination is more than a refusal to rent, sell, or finance housing. Title VIII of the U.S. Civil Rights Act of 1968 is commonly referred to as the Federal Fair Housing Act. This federal law, as amended in 1974 and 1988, protects individual rights to equal housing opportunity without discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, sex, disability, and/or familial status (the presence of children). The Fair Housing Act covers most housing, including single-family homes, apartments, townhouses, and condominiums. Both privately owned and subsidized housing is covered.
In addition to protected classes, the Fair Housing Act requires all multi-family housing built for first occupancy after March 13, 1991 to adhere to seven design requirements to ensure basic wheelchair accessibility for ground floor units.
In Michigan, housing discrimination is prohibited by the Elliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act and the Persons with Disabilities Civil Rights Act. State law includes all federal protections and adds age and marital status, sexual orientation*, gender identity or expression*, height, and weight.
* while sexual orientation and gender identity or expression are also covered under the fair housing act, Michigan law now specifically adds these protections.
Some municipalities have local ordinances that provide additional protections. Throughout our service area, this includes:
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